Afghanistan – 1975 to 1998
Though no historical records are available on the involvement of KSA, it is commonly known in Afghanistan that King Faisal of KSA and Raza Shah of Iran staged the Soviet Union (USSR) and its KGB to invade Afghanistan. They issued blank cheques to the Afghan President Mohammad Dauod, conditioned to reduction of ties with the USSR, and expel all their advisers. This was one of many CIA activities designed to lure the USSR to invade the country. The donations were never received; however, the Afghans were thrown in a war that resulted in millions of deaths, disabilities, the second highest refugee-count in the world, and the destruction of the country’s entire infrastructure. Over the course of the Afghan resistance against the USSR and the Afghan socialist regime, the only country that surpassed the USA’s $3b funding was KSA, with an unknown figure. Following the defeat of the USSR and its puppet regime in Afghanistan, KSA played the main role of funding the full recruitment, arming, and establishment of a new force in the country, named the Taliban in 1994. This funding continued up until 1998 before the Taliban decided not to cooperate with the USA over securing the transfer of the Central Asian gas by UNOCOL.
Iraq War – 1991 and 2003
After the defeat in Afghanistan and on the verge of collapse, the USSR lost its global position making it inevitable for the US to restart the age of military colonialism. The justification given was the invasion of Kuwait by Saddam Hussain. There was, however, very little financial burden on America’s shoulders. The reports indicate the whole war cost the US merely $7b, as the rest of the costs were covered by KSA ($36b) and Japan and Germany ($16b). In other words, the US gained much with minimal costs to herself. This was in addition to allowing the US to attack Iraq from Kuwait and establish permanent military bases in the country. Similarly, when George W. Bush decided to march into Iraq, once again they were bailed out for having the same privilege. However, the cost to the people of Iraq was above 4 million lives, including 500,000 children who starved to death, uncounted injured and disabled individuals, poverty, destruction of the nation, and ethnic cleansing. Continue reading Financing a Worldwide Hegemony →